Types of Indian Millets

EnglishPearl MilletFinger MilletFoxtail MilletKodo MilletLittle Millet Barnyard MilletSorghum
HindiBajraNachani, Mundua, Mandika, MarwahKangni, 
TamilKambuRagi, Kezhvaragu, Kelvaragu, Keppai,
ThinaiVaraguSaamaiKuthiravali (Kuthiraivolly)Kuthiravali (Kuthiraivolly)

  • Pearl: India is the highest producer of pearl millet or Bajra. It’s very high in protein, fuels you up and is great for rotis. It’s also eaten sprouted and in porridges.
  • Finger millet: Known as Mandua in Hindi and famous as Ragi in Karnataka, finger millet has the highest calcium content and is a staple food in Karnataka in the form of muddes.
  • Foxtail: With the highest mineral content of all millets, foxtail millet is justifiably the second most produced in the world. It’s known as Kangni in Hindi.
  • Kodo: Known as Kodra or Kodon, Kodo millet is high in fibre and offers a great energy boost. It’s thus ideal for diabetics, and can be substituted for rice.
  • Little millet: Has the highest fat content and is commonly consumed as bread, dosas, rotis and rice. It’s known as Kutki in hindi.
  • Barnyard: Barnyard millet grows faster than you can say Jhangora (its Hindi name). It also has the highest fibre and iron content amongst its fellow millets.
  • Sorghum: Say hello to Jowar, the hardy grain that’s consumed all over India as rotis and porridges, thanks to its high protein + carb + energy composition.